A foreigner once said that “whoever wants to know the heart and mind of America had better learn baseball.” It might be a little sweeping because in reality, not all Americans know how to play baseball.
The following are some of the basics on the game of baseball.
Playing the game
One baseball game lasts for nine innings. An inning is when both teams have been at bat through three outs.
The visiting team will be at bat first while the home team takes the field. The order of the batters is decided on by the team’s manager.
The batting team usually begins with good batters while the power-hitters and homerun hitters follow and could be at the 3rd to 5th. The catcher and the pitcher are usually in the end.
The game ends after nine innings, and there is a winner if one team has a higher score. If the home team is ahead after 8 and a half innings, they may not need to take up the last ups.
In case of a tie, both teams will continue to play complete innings until a score is no longer tied and both teams have had their turns at bat.
Object of the game
Scoring a run is the object of baseball. A batter must safely touch all the bases (first, second and third) and end back at home plate.
There is a hit if the batter hits the ball and makes it to the next base. Going from home to fist base is called a single, going from home to the second base is called a double and making it to the third base without stopping is a triple.
A homerun is making it safely around all the bases back to home without stopping.
There are nine players per team. They are, namely, the pitcher, the catcher, the first baseman, the second baseman, the third baseman, the short stop, the left fielder, the center fielder, and the right fielder.
The pitcher is probably has the most important role in the game. Aside from controlling the game’s tempo, his biggest role is to shut down the opposition and prevent them from scoring any runs.
People say baseball is played on a “diamond”. What they mean is the shape of the field (a diamond) bordered by the home plate, first base, second base and the third base.
In the middle is the pitcher’s mound where the pitcher stands to pitch the ball. In the home plate is the catcher who will catch the pitched balls of the pitcher.
The bases are covered by their assigned personnel (first baseman at the first base, etc.) while the short stop covers the area between the second and the third base.
The outfield (extension beyond the infield bordered by the first and third bases) is covered by the left, center, and right fielders. They will catch the ball going their way.
Baseball can be one of the most exciting sports game to watch. The fun stems from the fact that there is strategy at work (mental game) as well as the physical power involved (power hitters, runners, pitching, etc).
It is just as exciting, of course, to play the game as well. But first, you have to learn baseball.
America and many other countries are breathing baseball. It is right to assert that the sport runs naturally in the blood of both the young and the old. Many people learn baseball not just to play but also to follow games, players, and teams. Baseball reporters, journalists, and fans broaden the scope of their baseball following. Now, record histories and memorabilia are being collected and bought aside from the fact that baseball is steadily conquering the cyberspace at the same time.
There is no doubt that baseball is a team sport. The teams are composed of nine players, who must learn to value and imbibe team work. The players should not play individually; instead, they should move strategically as a group to conquer victory for the team. All players should realize that no individual player wins the game. It is always the team that is declared victorious over the opposing team. Thus, all baseball teams should have the following.
First, the groups of players should attain team spirit. This is highlighted by their commitment to the game. As mentioned, every baseball team should work collectively as a single unit. Every player should find devotion to uphold the team and win the game. Experts assert that it is imperative for all involved players to naturally and literally breathe and live baseball to be able to develop the required devotion.
Second, every baseball team should develop a good support system. Aficionados and fans know that teams should not only be devoted to the games. They should also play to bring honor to their families, sponsors, team owners, coaches, college, and school authorities who are commissioning for teams in every league. The psyche of the team should be established as well as an ideal or impermeable support system. This could provide the right motivation.
Every baseball team should be led by a good coach, who is tasked to lead the team not just to gain victory but also to attain good teamwork and relationship among each other. Thus, the baseball coach could be considered as the backbone of every team. This way, he needs to be tough and loving at the same time. The coach must be able to show care, respect, and concern for each team player. In many occasions, he should understand the team as well as all the members better than he could understand himself.
Fourth, the team must learn devotion to the game and to the sport. This would enable all the players to take the right motivation and drive to play and win games. The right skills and qualifications must be possessed by every team member so he could contribute to the group. This would require too much preparation and commitment.
Lastly, team members should understand the importance of good nutrition and reliable mental strength training. A great baseball player has a strong mind and flexible body to fulfill the requirements of every game. This means that every team member should adopt and live a healthier and more ideal lifestyle. They should learn baseball and treat it as a lifetime commitment.
Playing baseball is a very physically challenging activity. It involves a lot of running, jumping, twisting, hitting, and other rigorous movements. Whether you are a pro or an amateur player, it pays to prepare your body for the challenge that lies ahead—and this is possible by performing warm-up drills before you play baseball. If you don’t do these warm-up exercises, your muscles will suffer as a consequence. To avoid injuries, you need to learn baseball warm-up drills and how to perform them properly.
Warm-up drills for baseball do not involve just stretching your arms across your chest for a few seconds. Instead, it involves various motions to warm up your body for the game so that you can be prepared for the movements that baseball requires. The following are the recommended warm-up drills for baseball players.
• Squats – Squatting helps relax your hamstrings, glutes, and quads. Start by standing with your feet apart (at about the length of your shoulders) and bending your knees to lower your body. When your thighs are parallel to the ground, you have to stand back up. Repeat this step about three to six times.
• Trunk Rotations – With your feet apart and your hand reaching out to your sides, turn your upper body to the right and then to the left. Do this again three to six times.
• Sprints – Short sprints, which are done like players do in an actual game, help improve blood circulation in the muscles and increase body temperature. To perform the sprints, begin at the first base line and run to the second base. Repeat this step several times.
• Arm Crosses – They help relax the rear shoulders and chest. To start the arm crosses, stand with your feet apart and your arms extended to your sides. Then stretch your arms to your back and cross them in your front. Do this again three to six times.
• Arm Circles – These are stretching exercises that condition the shoulders. With your feet about a shoulder length apart, extend your arms to your sides and rotate them both clockwise and counterclockwise. Start with small circles and then do the exercise again with bigger circles.
• Knee Lifts – This warm-up drill eliminates tension in the muscles of the legs and hip flexors. Knee lifts are done by standing with your feet apart and raising your right foot until your knee reaches your chest level. Then lower your right knee and raise your left knee. Repeat the exercise three to six times.
• Walking Lunges – Set your right foot forward and bend down until your rear knee is 2 inches and your front knee 90 degrees off the ground. Then come back up to put forward your left knee. As with other warm-up drills, walking lunges must be done three to six times.
It is important to learn baseball warm-up exercises so that you can prime up your body for an action-packed game called baseball. Without these warm-up drills, you will be prone to muscle and joint problems. You don’t want them to happen, do you?
Are you already drowning with too much information that you have to ingest as you try to learn baseball? It will not hurt if you are going to slow down while taking everything in. You can relax for some time and prefer to watch real games on TV. After such down time, you can go back on the learning process because there are still many things to learn about this national sport in the US and a favorite hobby of many people across the globe. You already know how the game is played. You even have a complete list of the equipments that a player needs to get on with it. So what else do you have to be briefed about? Aside from the basics, there are many special rules that you have to learn to know the game better.
This sport is actually easier explained in words. Once you are out in the field, you will understand that it is indeed complex with so many rules that you have to bear in mind as you get on with the game. Here are some samples that can help you get started with these special rules.
Foul pole. In the playing field, there are poles that are set up on the left and right sides of the fields to serve as the foul line. This is done to measure the ball as it travel in the air. When the ball hits one of these poles, it will be called a fair ball and a home run is going to be announced.
Ground rule double. In contrast with the first rule that the ball will be called a home run when it hits over the outfield fence, an automatic double is going to be called when the ball bounces over the fence.
Dropped third strike. The batter is considered out if they committed three strikes. In the case of the catcher, when they drop or doesn’t catch the pitched third strike, the batter is still capable to be awarded with first base. This can be achieved if he’ll be able to reach it before the catcher can tag him or throw the ball towards the first base. This kind of strikeout is not part of the three outs during the half inning.
Tagging up. A runner that is positioned on the base cannot advance until the ball hits the ground. When the ball is caught by a fielder, the runner can only advance when the ball is caught. The fielder aims to create a record of an out by assisting his teammate through tagging. Through this, the game can level up into a close play at the home plate.
Infield fly rule. When a ball remains in the air, the runners must stay on the base. So when there are two or more runners out on the base with less than two outs, an automatic out is going to be called in case of a fly ball that is not hit strong enough to move farther in the field.
There are many other rules that you will know more about as you learn baseball. Make sure that you are always open to new ideas, game tactics and techniques that can help you become a better player in no time.
If you are interested to learn baseball, you have to understand the sport from its most basic facts before you step on the actual field and start hitting bats or throwing balls. This is a kind of a bat and ball sport that is being played with two teams. Each team that is competing in the field is composed of nine players. To score points, the player’s goal is to score runs. This can be achieved by hitting the ball the will be thrown by the opponent by a baseball bat. When a ball is hit, the player then needs to touch a series of four bases that are placed on the corners of the diamond on the field.
When your team is assigned to hit balls, you are referred to as the batting team. All players will take turns in hitting the balls thrown by the assigned pitcher of the other team. The latter is called the fielding team. They are out to stop the players of the hitting team from scoring runs. They aim to get the hitters out through various tactics that they can use. While the game is on, the batting team player can advance at any of the bases on the diamond as long as their teammates are able to hit. When the fielding team already has three outs, the two teams would switch places. An inning is composed of a turn on the bat for every team. The professional baseball game has nine innings. Who will win in the end? The team that has made the most number of runs will bring home the bacon at the end of each game.
It was in the mid 18th century when England started playing a game that is similar to baseball. It was in North America where its modern version was later developed. The original version of the game was brought here by the Irish and British immigrants. A century later, by the late 19th century, the game was already considered a national sport in the US. Through time, many people all around the globe have come to love this kind of sport as well, hence its popularity and continuous recognition. The specific parts of the world that have adapted fondness for the game in all levels including youth, amateur and professional, are North America, certain parts of South and Central America, East Asia and the Caribbean. The sport was the inspiration for the creation of its derivative that is known as softball. This is why this kind of sport is also called hardball.
The sport is being played on various parts of the world. This is evident with the various leagues that are getting more popular through time. The Major League Baseball in North America is composed of professional teams that are divided into two such as the American League and the National League. Every league that has been mentioned is composed of three divisions such as East, Central and West. The sport is also very popular in countries such as Cuba and Japan. Both countries have their own leagues as well similar to the setup in America.
There are more facts that you can include on your list to learn baseball. With all these in mind, you will be more confident as you step into the field because you know the game very well.
Infielders play an essential role in a baseball team. Consisting of the shortstop, first baseman, second baseman, and third baseman, infielders defend the four bases to keep the opponents from running a score. To achieve this goal, infielders perform different moves such as fielding bunts and catching fly balls. Infielders must also get an offensive player out by throwing the ball to the right base. That being said, infielders must learn baseball techniques to help their team win.
The following are the rules and techniques that every infielder should know:
1. Stay focused on the game and be aware of what is going on.
Know exactly what you want to do with the ball even before it is pitched. An infielder must aim to prevent the opponents from scoring by getting the offensive player on third out if the bases are loaded. On the other hand, if the bases are empty, the infielder must be able to get the ball back to the first place as fast as he can or catch it on the fly.
2. Know your opponents.
To determine how long you can get the ball to the right base, consider the running speed of the runners and the batter. But never panic—it is still important that you stay cool and relaxed during the game.
3. Maintain an ideal body position.
To gain the best control over the ball, you need to field the ball from your body’s middle level, just above your glove side.
4. Use the whole surface of your glove.
Keep it open at all times so that you won’t miss a catch. Keep your eye on the ball, too.
5. Communicate with your teammates efficiently.
This rule is important for the shortstop and the second baseman, as they need to decide who will take a throw and who will cover second for a steal. Infielders should also learn the signs or hand gestures of the catcher to know the next pitch that will be thrown and the direction that ball will take.
6. Focus on your target, which is the ball.
Don’t just watch the ball fly—you have to be active and alert all the time during the game. Throw the ball cross seam to prevent the ball from sinking, tailing, or going to the opponent player you are throwing to.
7. Learn proper hand and footwork.
When you crow hop or throw the ball, use your feet to your advantage. If the ball is going to hit the ground, don’t forget to run to it. Use your two hands to catch a bouncing ball. You can use just one hand if the ball is rolling slowly.
8. Rehearse your double plays.
This will train you to use your hands and feet properly while playing baseball. Focus on moving the ball from the glove to your throwing hand. You also need to practice chasing fly balls in every direction.
Infielders are crucial in any baseball team. If you are going to be one, it helps that you learn baseball techniques for infielders so that you can contribute to your team’s success.
One of the most important aspects that you need know about if you want to learn baseball is how to execute the drills. This is an essential phase if you are really into this kind of sport that is considered a national sport and is actually a favorite pastime by many people in America. There are no shortcuts in getting good with it. You have to learn the skills and make sure that you won’t forget these by making sure that you won’t miss out on your practice. Why do you have to learn the drills? This is very essential to be sure that you will have mastery of all elements of the game and you will be in top form every time you go out in the field.
There are four basic categories that are included on these drills. These categories are composed of fielding, hitting, base running and pitching. If you are training with a coach, they will assess your strengths and weaknesses and train you further on the skills where you are good at. This is after the coach has looked into the needs of the team. This person is responsible in filling such needs by honing the right people as they improve on the strengths of their players, spot the weaknesses and do something about such. If you are not part of a team and you only want to play for fun and join at any streets games or similar venues, it will be better if you are going to be trained by a good coach as well. This way, you will learn things the right way and you will be more prepared to conquer more serious games when the time comes that you have decided to level up your game.
Here are the basic means and steps executing the drills that are required for all good baseball players.
1. You first have to hone your hitting ability. The first thing that you have to decide on is choosing the right kind of bat for you. Make sure that you will use something that you will be able to handle with ease. This step allows you to think quickly and practice your precision as you try to swing and hit the bat during the practice. With the bat on your hand, you have to come up to the plate with a clear plan on your mind. Your goal is to make sure that the bat’s contact with the ball is going to be solid and you have to hit the ball at the middle of the bat.
2. After you have honed your hitting ability, it’s time to focus on your pitching skills. There are various techniques that are performed by coaches for this task. They want their pitchers to be sharp with their throws and become successful with it. Most coaches use the trick of utilizing four dots with different colors. Each of the catcher’s shoulder guards and knee will have one dot. As the catcher makes a call, the pitcher should be able to throw the ball on each colored dot and they must hit all four dots using six balls.
3. Fielding comes next to teach the players various tactics to win the game.
4. The last drill that you have to know as you learn baseball is base running. This will hone your agility and condition your muscles to learn how to make turns on the bases.
Every year there are large amount of reported injuries caused by playing baseball. To avoid this, parents, coach and kids need to learn baseball safety. All injuries can’t be prevented from happening, but taking precautionary measures can at least give players the best possible chance for injury-free participation in the game. Here are some safety requirements and safety tips that every player, parent, and coach need to know:
1. Preseason Physical Examination – This physical examination should address the most likely areas of medical concern of a player. It will also identify youngsters who are at high risk of physical injury. Coaches are advised to let player’s parents or guardians sign a participation agreement form once the result has been released. Coaches should also ask for informed consent form from the parents or guardians that tell they are allowing the children to be treated in case of an emergency during the game or practice.
2. Always let kids wear helmets – Helmets should be worn by all players at bat and on the base paths. All base coaches, players rotating through the hitting drills, and players who are practicing their swings in the on-deck circle must also wear helmet. Coaches should encourage their players to stay alert during the game. Kids on the bench should also be taught to pay attention to what’s happening on the field.
3. Communication – Players need to communicate and call for the balls. This will prevent players chasing after fly balls collide with other players or objects such as fences while they run. Players in pursuit of the same fly ball can communicate by calling, “I’ve got it” or “You take it.”
4. Throwing safe – Coaches need to teach their players the proper, safe setup and execution of the throwing drill. Players should always throw ball in the outfield and be perpendicular to one of the two outfield foul lines. Players should never walk behind other throwers, they should throw in the same direction, and partners should make eye contact before making a throw.
5. Batting – To avoid any injury, players must stay clear of players who may be swinging bats. A player planning to swing must check all around him or her to make sure that no one is in jeopardy of being hit. Players should never stand behind a batter since it is possible for bats to be released in the follow through swing.
Baseball is a game played with swinging bats, hard balls, and fixed objects like fences. Common sense goes a long way in forming playing environment. Thus, it is very important for parents and coaches to guide kids in taking necessary safety precautions. One of the most effective ways that lets kids learn baseball safety is by using the discovery method, a technique where kids discover the answer for themselves.
It works by giving kids demonstration of the skill they need to do, then, letting players tell what is going on with the drill and letting them find out the technique or skill themselves.
Before you get to enjoy watching and following your favorite baseball teams, you should first initiate to know more about the game. Learn baseball fundamentals and of course the language that are applied in the sport. There are special and technical terms that you would surely encounter. If you are not familiar with them, you certainly would not be able to fully comprehend what is going on.
Here are some of the baseball terms you should know about. It is important to note that the sport lingo is not hard to define and understand. Learning these words and their meanings would be significant if you intend to fully enjoy the games.
Batter’s box is the rectangular area on every side of a home plate where the players stand to bat or hit the ball. When the batter is hit on the head by a pitch, he is said to be ‘beaned.’ Take note that the batter advances to the first base every time he is hit by a pitch. The coach’s box is the outlined area on each side of first and third bases. The coach of the batting team is allowed to give his players the instructions while inside the area.
The count is the frequency of the balls and strikes hit or missed by the batter. Three balls and two strikes make a full count. Force plays happen when the batter hits a ball and then runs to the first base, prompting the base runner ahead of him to advance to the next base. To get any runner out of the game, the infielder needs to hold the ball and tag the base ahead of the target runner. There is a need for the pitching team to go to a base first before a runner does. There is hit-and-run when the batter swings a pitch at the same time another runner on a base advances to get to the next base.
An error is committed when a fielding player makes a bad throw to allow any batter or runner to advance to the succeeding bases. The pitching team should avoid this misplay. When the fielders have more than an option to make a batter or runner out, there is a fielder’s choice.
The lineup is the order set for the players to bat. When a player in the batting team is next online to hit the bat based on the lineup, he is said to be on deck. The diamond refers to the infield where there is a home plate and three bases. When the ball is hit, the pitching team should move to catch or get the ball and arrest runners to advance further to the bases. If runners succeed in doing so, they are ‘safe.’
There you have it. Your objective to learn baseball and understand the game better could depend on how you fully comprehend and use the above-mentioned terms. You could now talk more about the popular sport with your friends, colleagues, and relatives who are truly addicted and passionate about this pitch and bat ball game.
There is no doubt that baseball is currently among the most watched and followed games in the United States. It is slowly but steadily strengthening its foothold in many other countries around the world. If you want to learn baseball and know everything about this popular game, it is advisable that you first go through the fundamentals of the ballgame. You would surely realize that baseball is truly interesting and engaging.
The fundamentals of the game are known by everyone who regularly catches any of the televised baseball games. It has really become more like a religion to many suburban and urban American families. If you do not want to get left behind or if you want to get into lively conversations with your family and friends about the sport, you should first know about these baseball basics.
Each baseball team should consist of nine players. One of them should be designated as the pitcher. As a bat and ball game, a team is intended to bat while the other fields or pitches the ball. The team in the pitching side should have all its nine players out across the field. The team in the batting side could have any number of its players in the field, usually about one to four, at any moment. The pitching team should also assign one of its members to serve as the catcher, who would crouch behind the batter so that any pitched ball that is missed by the batter could be easily caught.
There are four bases scattered in a square-shaped playing field, which is called the ‘diamond.’ At the center of the field is where the pitchers mound. The batter stands opposite at the home plate. After hitting the ball, the batter goes to the first, second, and third bases that are designated to follow a clockwise direction. About 45 degrees of the batter’s both sides are foul lines. The inside area of foul lines is the fair territory, which is where all players are. The rest of the field is called the foul territory. Infield is the area enclosed within bases. The outfield is the other area.
The main objective is to outscore the opposing team. Each of the teams would take turn to pitch and to bat. As usual, the one that scores greater is the winner at the end of the game. One inning is counted per batting turn of a team. Technically, there should be up to nine innings in every game. The pitching team could prevent the batting team from scoring through catching the ball before it could touch the ground, touching base before a runner gets there, or touching the runner using the ball before he gets to any base.
The scoring system
It is important to learn baseball scoring. A score is earned when a batter hits the ball and he is able to go to first, second, and third bases without being touched by the ball. The score is completed when he is able to go back to the home base after going the round with all bases.